Skip to main content
Home »

Gsp Comprehensive Eye Exams

Technology – Advanced Eye Care

Parmer Eye Care uses the most up-to-date technology to ensure the best eye care possible. Here are some of the different types of tests and equipment you may experience on a visit.

Digital Retinal Imaging & OCT Scans

We use cutting-edge digital imaging technology to assess your eyes. Many eye diseases, if detected at an early stage, can be treated successfully without total loss of vision. Your retinal Images will be stored electronically. This gives the eye doctor a permanent record of the condition and state of your retina.

This is very important in assisting your Optometrist to detect and measure any changes to your retina each time you get your eyes examined, as many eye conditions, such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration are diagnosed by detecting changes over time.

The advantages of digital imaging include:

  • Quick, safe, non-invasive and painless
  • Provides detailed images of your retina and sub-surface of your eyes
  • Provides instant, direct imaging of the form and structure of eye tissue
  • Image resolution is extremely high quality
  • Uses eye-safe near-infra-red light
  • No patient prep required

Digital Retinal Imaging

Digital Retinal Imaging allows your eye doctor to evaluate the health of the back of your eye, the retina. It is critical to confirm the health of the retina, optic nerve and other retinal structures. The digital camera snaps a high-resolution digital picture of your retina. This picture clearly shows the health of your eyes and is used as a baseline to track any changes in your eyes in future eye examinations.

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

An Optical Coherence Tomography scan (commonly referred to as an OCT scan) is the latest advancement in imaging technology. Similar to ultrasound, this diagnostic technique employs light rather than sound waves to achieve higher resolution pictures of the structural layers of the back of the eye.

A scanning laser used to analyze the layers of the retina and optic nerve for any signs of eye disease, similar to an CT scan of the eye. It works using light without radiation, and is essential for early diagnosis of glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetic retinal disease.

With an OCT scan, doctors are provided with color-coded, cross-sectional images of the retina. These detailed images are revolutionizing early detection and treatment of eye conditions such as wet and dry age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, retinal detachment and diabetic retinopathy.

An OCT scan is a noninvasive, painless test. It is performed in about 10 minutes right in our office. Feel free to contact our office to inquire about an OCT at your next appointment.

Visual Field Testing

A visual field test measures the range of your peripheral or “side” vision to assess whether you have any blind spots (scotomas), peripheral vision loss or visual field abnormalities. It is a straightforward and painless test that does not involve eye drops but does involve the patient’s ability to understand and follow instructions.

An initial visual field screening can be carried out by the optometrist by asking you to keep your gaze fixed on a central object, covering one eye and having you describe what you see at the periphery of your field of view. For a more comprehensive assessment, special equipment might be used to test your visual field. In one such test, you place your chin on a chin rest and look ahead. Lights are flashed on, and you have to press a button whenever you see the light. The lights are bright or dim at different stages of the test. Some of the flashes are purely to check you are concentrating. Each eye is tested separately and the entire test takes 15-45 minutes. These machines can create a computerized map out your visual field to identify if and where you have any deficiencies.


Comprehensive Eye Exams

Eye Exams For the Whole Family

Eye Exam for adults children family

What Is a Comprehensive Eye Exam?

A comprehensive eye exam involves a series of tests that assess your eye health and vision. This type of eye exam can only be performed by an eye doctor, and shouldn’t be confused with the vision screenings given in schools or other non-professional settings.

Having regular comprehensive eye exams is crucial when it comes to protecting your eyes from sight-threatening diseases, and ensuring that your optical prescription is up-to-date.

A comprehensive eye exam can also reveal signs of a general health condition like diabetes, hypertension or high cholesterol.

Why Are Regular Eye Exams So Important?

Regular comprehensive eye exams enable your eye doctor to monitor your eye health and vision over the course of many years. In addition to determining whether you need a new prescription, your optometrist looks for the first signs of sight-threatening eye conditions. In their early stages, diseases like glaucoma and macular degeneration have no noticeable symptoms, even while damaging your eyesight. By the time you notice symptoms, vision loss is usually permanent, so early detection is crucial.

What to Expect During a Comprehensive Eye Exam?

Most comprehensive eye exams include the following tests:

    • Visual acuity test to measure your near and distance vision. During this test, you’ll be asked to identify letters on a chart.
    • Refraction test to identify any refractive errors you may have and the type of optical prescription you may need. Your eye doctor will look for signs of myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism and presbyopia (age-related farsightedness).
    • Retinoscopy to obtain an approximation of your optical prescription. Your eye doctor will hold a number of lenses in front of each eye to determine which lens offers you the clearest, most comfortable vision.
    • Visual field test to detect the presence of scotomas (blind spots) in your side vision, which can be a red flag for certain eye diseases, like glaucoma.
    • Glaucoma test to measure the pressure inside your eyes. A machine called a tonometer will dispense a puff of air toward your eye and then calculate your eye pressure based on your eye’s resistance to the air.
  • Slit lamp exam to magnify and illuminate your inner and outer eye structures to identify any abnormalities.

How Long Does a Comprehensive Eye Exam Take?

No two patients are alike, so each eye exam is different. Your eye doctor will decide which tests to perform based on your age, personal health and family health history, whether you wear glasses or contact lenses, and other factors.

Why Do Children Need Comprehensive Eye Exams?

An estimated 10% of preschoolers and 25% of school-aged children have vision problems.

For this reason it’s important to have your child’s eyes examined from as early as 6 months of age and in their toddler years to determine if their eyes and vision are developing normally.

After that, annual eye exams are recommended for all children ages 5 to 18, to ensure that a refractive error or other vision problem isn’t impacting their learning or academic success.

If your child wears eyeglasses or contact lenses, they should have an eye exam with a refraction test, at least every year, or according to your optometrist’s instructions.

Similarly, if your child has a lazy eye or eye turn (strabismus), or is at risk of developing an eye or vision condition, they may need to have their eyes examined more frequently.

Common risk factors for vision problems include:

  • Premature birth
  • Developmental delays
  • Turned or crossed eyes
  • Family history of eye conditions/diseases
  • History of eye injury
  • Physical illness or disease

Eye Exams for Adults

From the time you turn 18, it’s a good idea to have your eyes examined every 1-2 years.

By the time you reach 40, it’s especially important to visit your eye doctor on a regular basis, because it’s at this age that the earliest signs of cataracts, presbyopia and macular degeneration can appear.

Above the age of 60 your risk of developing an eye disease further increases, so annual eye exams are vital.

If you wear glasses or contact lenses, have diabetes, hypertension or another health condition, your eye doctor may recommend more frequent eye exams to monitor your eye health.

Schedule a Comprehensive Eye Exam Near You

Contact our eye care clinic today to schedule an eye exam near you.